Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Campus Germany aka the German Pavilion at Expo 2020 Dubai, designed by LAVA and Info and Fiction, is a powerful improvement the place the architects have used visually thrilling design parts, from the intelligent use of native weather conditions to the reuse of supplies to connectivity is sustainable.
Campus Germany just lately obtained an honorable point out from the Worldwide Structure Awards 2022 from the Chicago Athenaeum: Museum of Structure and Design and the European Middle for Structure Artwork Design and City Research.
The important thing query was the right way to design a brief exhibition and occasion house that might accommodate as much as three million guests in a sustainable desert surroundings.
LAVA’s resolution linked the Expo’s theme of connectivity, with our ‘extra with much less’ method, with people interacting with nature and expertise at its coronary heart,” mentioned Tobias Wallisser, Director of LAVA.
The constructing is seen as an exhibition emphasizing social sustainability and, because the architects defined, “the design of the constructing is a part of the exhibition, a software to attach individuals”.
“We wished to deal with the Expo motto ‘Connecting Minds, Creating the Future’ and subsequently selected to signify Germany as a ‘campus’, an open place for the trade of information, concepts and of improvements. Reasonably than putting buildings horizontally on a website, three hanging cubes are assembled vertically. This unfastened and porous stacking of volumes, an entire somewhat than a single type, suggests an interconnection”, explains Christian Tschersich, undertaking director of LAVA.
The positioning of the cantilevered cubes generates a spacious central atrium for gatherings, performances and occasions.
On the coronary heart of the customer expertise, this lined vertical house visually connects all of the useful areas collectively, helps with orientation, creates visible relationships and diversified entry factors and helps handle a lot of guests.
The go to route brings individuals completely to the terraces (above the cubic areas). They see their previous and future trajectory, have interaction with different individuals, and revel in views of the Expo website.
The exhibition areas, designed between truth and fiction, (Power Lab, Future Metropolis Lab and Biodiversity Lab) provide particular person immersive experiences contained in the cubes, whereas the exhibitions on the terrace invite group interplay.
Reasonably than a standard exhibition corridor, the campus metaphor sees your entire constructing as an exhibition, not only a canvas to be displayed, however a software to attach individuals and content material, and a spot to find German improvements. .
The true construction is the message.
“We integrated the precept of sustainability from the beginning through the use of the minimal quantity of fabric to create most quantity. “extra with much less” from LAVA,” says Tschersich.
Three cubes have been stacked on a pedestal with different capabilities (restaurant, pre-show, workplace, back-house) shaped as an summary panorama.
This created a big quantity within the heart, and a roof creates shade and luxury – a technical cloud.
A sandwich in three elements: panorama – stacked cubes – roof. Individuals between nature and expertise.
The intelligent positioning of the stacked cubes is set by the native local weather and has passive energy-saving options that scale back the influence of direct daylight, generate pure shade, decrease warmth load and optimize the local weather inside.
This clever creation of shading by the development parts additionally makes a “hybrid” air con doable.
It additionally refers back to the design of the native courtyard home, with closed exterior facades and inside airspace-oriented rooms that open to at least one one other.
A hybrid facade minimizes the constructing’s sense of mass and creates an iconic framing of the house.
On the higher degree, a dynamic association of 900 vertical metal poles, a forest of bushes swaying within the wind, creates motion.
With step by step altering angles, they body the central atrium house and modulate the sunshine.
An opaque, trapezoidal single-layer ETFE membrane will be opened and closed, responding to totally different climate situations throughout the six-month Expo interval, reminiscent of sandstorms and cooler days, and minimizing the necessity for air con.
The outside envelope of the pavilion additionally contains 1.5 meter extensive glass parts that may be rotated and opened, permitting the constructing to breathe.
The visually placing technical cloud roof creates shade and luxury. It permits daylight to stream inside via a number of small openings, much like daylight getting into a tree cover, creating an ever-changing customer expertise.
The mirror surfaces replicate direct daylight in opposition to the roof pores and skin, a dynamic play of sunshine. At evening, a area of LED lights built-in into the ceiling makes the constructing radiate from inside.
Useful resource consumption and the round financial system have additionally been main design drivers and are mirrored in lots of passive and lively sustainability options – from design for disassembly (DfD) to “Mine the Scrap”, “embodied vitality” , sturdy and reusable constructing supplies.
95% of the constructing might be redesigned after the Expo ends, with standardized development parts reminiscent of metal poles dismantled and reconfigured in numerous geometries.
LAVA’s bottom-up method centered on customer consolation and human-serving expertise.
“At LAVA, we’re all the time wanting on the interplay between individuals and the bodily surroundings they inhabit. Sustainability requires environments to be adaptable and altering,” provides Wallisser.
The passage from the nice and cozy exterior to the inside has been rigorously studied. To scale back temperature shocks and save on vitality prices, the architects designed a transitional house the place guests getting into the constructing, with lengthy queues, are cooled by a light-weight mist of water emanating from picket poles. metal permitting them to acclimatize step by step.
The central atrium is cooled by chilly air expelled from the air-conditioned exhibition areas, decreasing vitality consumption and enhancing customer consolation.
“An effectively stacked quantity of house, responding to the native surroundings with an clever local weather administration system. This undertaking reveals how buildings will be optimized, made good, reconfigured, can adapt to altering customers, environments, temperatures, acoustics and lightweight”, explains Alexander Rieck, director of LAVA.
Chris Bosse, Director of LAVA, provides: “Practical necessities, customer expertise, local weather and environmental considerations are all addressed via this clever multi-performative design.”
The idea continues improvements in pavilion design, from the Crystal Palace in London to the German pavilion of Mies van der Rohe at Expo ’29 in Barcelona and Frei Otto at Expo ’67 in Montreal.
The German pavilion additionally homes a restaurant on three ranges, VIP areas for enterprise conferences and workspaces for employees.
It’s situated within the sustainable improvement part, near Al Wasl Plaza, which types the center of the Expo website.
The pavilion is a spot of information, analysis and trade in accordance with the motto of Expo 2020 Dubai: “Connecting minds, creating the longer term”.
Guests are taken on an interactive journey from ‘registration’ within the pavilion to the ‘commencement ceremony’ on the finish of the go to. They actively take part and expertise being a part of a group dedicated to a extra sustainable future.
The customer begins the expertise even earlier than getting into the pavilion. Right here, the federated states are introduced within the type of audio stations, digital actuality functions, interactive tables and movies.
Then, the pavilion workers “registers” the guests and supplies them with their very own badges.
The progressive IAMU system is built-in into the title tag: the real-time location system (RTLS) transforms Campus Germany into an clever and interactive exhibition house.
Amongst different issues, IAMU mechanically launches media content material within the language of the respective visitor.
As well as, guests are invited at a number of factors to offer their opinion by voting. After an introductory occasion, a ball pit follows. Every of the 100,000 balls accommodates a sustainability truth in Germany and from Germany.
The Power Lab, Future Metropolis Lab and Biodiversity Lab are the true “program” of the campus and provide greater than 50 interactive displays. They every current an progressive and sustainable thought from Germany, the implementation of which is introduced nearer to guests in a enjoyable means.
Every of the labs additionally has its personal design thought. Closed and immersive areas characterised by nice variety alternate with open terraces that supply views of the atrium.
Lastly, within the “Commencement Corridor”, guests expertise a shocking and emotional efficiency by which the mixture of expertise, group and the thought of sustainability reaches its peak. Guests take their locations on swings in a powerful spectacle and begin shifting collectively for a extra sustainable future.
Venture: Campus Germany – German Pavilion Expo 2020 Dubai
Architects: LAVA – Visionary Structure Laboratory
Principal architects: Tobias Wallisser and Christian Tschersich
Affiliate Architects: Info and Fiction
Essential architects: Dietmar Jähn and Andreas Horbelt
Normal contractor: Nüssli Group
Shopper: Federal Ministry of Economics and Power, Federal Republic of Germany
Photographers: Taufik Kenan, Roland Halbe and Andreas Keller
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